PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) and ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) are two of the most popular types of piping used in plumbing projects. Although they might be identical in function, they have distinct differences in capability and color. You must understand their differences if you want to use them in your next project.
So, are you having trouble fixing the ABS and PVC pipes in the bathroom? It can be a great way to fix plastic pipes.
You should not mix the glue, as ABS and PVC are different plastic pipes. You cannot use PVC glue to attach ABS pipes and vice versa. Read this blog post for better understanding of related things and Glue that Works on ABS and PVC !
Table of Contents
What is a PVC Pipe exactly?
PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride. It is a particular type of plastic. It has been used to replace various forms of plastic since the 1950s. This is because it is cheaper, easier to use, and still strong enough for many different purposes. PVC pipe can be made of PVC alone, but it could also contain ABS in some cases.
Properties of PVC Plastic
Density: PVC is much more dense than most plastics (specific gravity of 1.4).
Economics: PVC is easily available and inexpensive.
Hardness: Rigid PVC is a good choice for durability and hardness.
Strength: Rigid PVC is very strong in tensile strength.
ABS is abbreviated as Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene. This particular type of plastic has been used in the industrial sector since the 1950s because of its versatility and long-term reliability. ABS pipes can be found today made from recycled materials. This makes it less environmentally friendly than other types of plastics like PVC.
Properties of ABS Plastic
Excellent heat resistance
High resistance against weather-related influences
Excellent chemical resistance, especially to mineral oils, greases, and undiluted acid.
High scratch resistance
High aging resistance
Excellent mechanical properties: High surface hardness and impact resistance
ABS Pipes vs PVC Pipes
PVC piping does not contain bisphenol A. This chemical is known as BPA. ABS pipes are made with a chemical called bisphenol. BPA is used in many plastics and resins to create durable pipes. Although there is disagreement about whether BPA harms humans and animals in large amounts, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has declared it safe.
Other differences between ABS (and PVC) can help you choose the right one for your plumbing project. The first thing you’ll notice is the difference in color. ABS is usually black, and PVC is often white depending on which type. Another difference between the two types is the way they are installed. PVC pipes can be connected with special cement. ABS pipes must be primed, then cemented together. This makes it a two-step process with PVC connections.
PVC pipe is more flexible than ABS. ABS can withstand a greater shock or impact, but ABS is stronger. PVC is better at muffled water sounds as they flow through its pipework.
Both types of pipe have similar costs and are resistant to chemical or water degradation.
Applications for ABS Piping
ABS piping can be used for both commercial and residential purposes. It will not flake, peel or rot, disintegrate, fade, leak, or deteriorate (unless punctured). It is ideal outdoors, underground, in extreme cold, and in places without direct sun. Plumbers often use it to connect drain, waste, and vent piping systems. ABS pipe is also used as electrical insulation and drainage in sewer systems.
Uses of PVC Pipes
Using the correct type of pipe when working in a business or home is important. PVC pipes are the best choice for many applications. PVC pipes are a good choice for indoor use because they are soundproof. This means that you won’t be able to hear water flowing through the pipe system.
Regular schedule 40 PVC pipe can be used for wastewater and drains. PVC pipe can be used as insulation for electric cables and drain, waste, and vent piping systems, just like ABS pipe. PVC pipe is a versatile, long-lasting choice ideal for DIYers and professionals.
The best adhesives to glue ABS or PVC
You can bond these two different types of plastic together with solvent cement such as Oatey Regular Cement or Purple Primer.
They can be used for various tasks, such as gluing down flooring tiles or welding together vehicle parts. These solvents can soften ABS and PVC, making it easier to bond the two materials together.
Does PVC Glue Work On ABS Pipes?
You’re probably aware that ABS and PVC plastic materials have distinct characteristics. PVC glue should never be used on ABS pipes. It will not work and cause more damage than good to your plumbing system.
Imagine that you have a water drainage system with ABS and PVC pipes. In such cases, the green PVC glue can attach both piping systems. This glue can only be used to attach PVC with ABS.
Tips for dealing with ABS or PVC pipe
Use superglue or epoxy only if they are made specifically for such applications.
Always wear safety gear, such as gloves or goggles, when working with chemicals to prevent potential injuries.
Before you buy adhesive products online or at your local hardware store, ensure you are familiar with the type of glue required.
Can you use Epoxy Resin ABS Adhesive?
The epoxy resin adhesive is a 2-component adhesive. It works by chemical reaction, mixing resin with a hardener. These adhesives create strong bonds. It is possible to bond different materials, such as wood and metal. Epoxy resin adhesives can bond large areas that must withstand heavy loads. An epoxy adhesive is the best choice to repair ABS plastic.
There are many epoxy adhesives available on the market. We tried many and ultimately chose the Gorilla brand’s 2-part epoxy syringe. This adhesive is strong and durable and can be used immediately. It will dry clear once dried.
It cures quickly, dries quickly, is clear, and is ideal for multi-surface applications
For repairs that require a strong bond and solvent resistance
The two-component epoxy-based adhesive provides many benefits to the user. It does have some drawbacks, but that’s just the nature of all products.
Does PVC Cement Work On ABS?
PVC cement can be used to make a variety of structures from PVC pipes. PVC cement can chemically bond two pieces together of pipe, making them irreparable.
Each type of pipe should be joined with its specific cement. PVC cement should not be used to join PVC pipes, and ABS cement should be used only for bonding ABS pipes. Transitional cement is the exception and is used to join ABS and PVC pipes.
PVC cement does not act as a glue. It is a chemical solvent. PVC cement dissolves the pipe’s top layer and any fitting materials when applied. Connecting the pipe allows PVC cement to fuse the pieces together. This fusion happens at the molecular level. When the solvent evaporates, two PVC pieces become one piece.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can you use all-purpose cement to convert ABS to PVC?
All-purpose cement can attach ABS to PVC fittings and pipes as long as they are less than 6 inches in diameter. Before you buy, make sure to read the label.
Can you use ABS cement on PVC to PVC?
You can’t and shouldn’t. ABS black glue can only be used to attach ABS material to ABS.
Can Gorilla Glue be used on ABS plastic?
Gorilla Glue, approved to work with ABS plastic, is one of the most tried glues. Pipe diameter limits are 6 inches.
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