Stages of Clay

The vast majority most likely don’t ponder the clay they find while diving in the lawn. Be that as it may, if you’re clay nuts like us, you know there’s Such a huge amount to be familiar with this wonderful substance. here we will discuss all about Stages of Clay in brief right below.

Clay is a characteristic material that can be shaped when wet and becomes solidified when dried or terminated.

What’s more, there are a couple of key things to be familiar with clay while beginning a ceramics project. There are the 7 stages of clay.

The 7 stages of clay are…

  • Dry clay
  • Slip
  • Plastic clay
  • Leather hard clay
  • Completely dry clay (greenware)
  • Bisque
  • Glazeware

how to seal air dry clay: find out here

In this article, we shall study about all these 7 stages of clay and how does it form – 

1. Dry clay

This is clay without the water. You’ll find dry clay in powder structure or in a stone like structure. Dry clay is a naturally found material that we all are aware about.

Dry clay is easier to store. Water adds weight, can develop form and smells if untended. Dry clay doesn’t.

stage of clay-bone-dry-pottery

2. Slip

Slip in pottery is a fluid combination of clay in water. You’ll in some cases hear slip alluded to as clay slurry. It has a consistency like weighty cream however it tends to be runnier relying upon what you’re involving it for. It’s utilized for three things: (1) beautification, (2) pouring molds, and (3) sticking clay together.

3. Plastic clay/Wet clay

Plastic clay is the process of with regards to doing pottery and ceramic production. Plastic is an extravagant word meaning the clay can be molded and shaped the hard way.

In this stage, a potter can toss clay on the wheel or shape a piece with hand building.

Wet clay is utilized by many potters to deliver their work. It generally comes in 12.5kg plastic sacks from pottery providers who make the clay up utilizing various mixes of rocks and clays. It should be kept enclosed by plastic at this stage to keep it in a usable state.

Wet clay can be utilized to make a boundless exhibit of pieces utilizing a wide range of strategies. It tends to be utilized to toss pots on the wheel, carry out level sections, to clay shapes cut out with dough shapers, pull handles, dazzle marks in or hand fabricate models.

4. Leather hard clay

Leather hard clay is where the clay had the opportunity to dry after the plastic stage. The clay ought to be firm an adequate number of that your fingers won’t make an imprint on the vessel even with pressure.

In this stage, a potter can cut on the outside and inside of your piece. Leather hard is a helpful clay state, on the grounds that the clay is solid yet at the same time wet to the point of being molded. Pots tossed on the wheel are presently sufficiently able to have their bases ‘turned’ where the pot is flipped around the foot ring is cut while on the wheel. Leather hard is much of the time the state when level chunks of clay are consolidated to make 3D designs.

5. Completely dry clay(greenware)

The dampness is at last totally gone from your piece in the completely dry stage. It requires a few days to half a month for your piece to get deep down dry stage, particularly if you live in sticky environments. You can speed the drying system by placing the pieces in a furnace at extremely low temperatures.

At this stage, you can apply underglaze to the piece. You’re almost prepared to place your piece in the oven! Any sharp edges that are not smoothed at this stage will become strong in the bisque firing. Last completing of work is finished with a sodden wipe.

6. Bisqueware

Bisqueware stage which implies the piece has been in the furnace. The clay ought to be hard and is currently forever taking on the shape you set off on a mission to make.

The bisqueware stage is while coating commonly occurs. Indeed, the piece is solidified. Be that as it may, it’s as yet permeable which implies it can ingest coats. This is the stage that your regular espresso cup or pruned plant is in. In the glazeware stage/bisqueware stage, your piece is microwave safe, dishwasher, and everything safe.

The bisque stage is the point at which the clay is terminated in the oven between Cone 08 (1728F) and Cone 04 (1945F) to eliminate any synthetically fortified water and pollutions from the clay. This makes the clay change forever making it a lot harder yet at the same time permeable enough to pleasantly ingest the coatings.

There are multiple approaches to coating at this stage, above all, you need to set up your bisque product. The most ideal way to set up your bisque pieces for coating is to wipe them down with a soggy wipe to eliminate any fingerprints, soil, or residue. Then, at that point, ensure your piece is dry prior to coating.

Underglaze – You can apply underglaze at this stage moreover. If you brush clear coating on you should be mindful so as not to smirch the underglaze by allowing it to dry completely prior to applying the reasonable coating. You could likewise apply a light layer of hair shower on your underglaze or simply plunge or splash a reasonable coat on.

If you previously put underglaze on your leather hard clay, you can rehash it assuming you overlooked something. Ensure the underglaze is thoroughly dry if you have any desire to apply an unmistakable coating.

glazed pottery cups made from clay

7. Firing of clay

The last fire should be possible in various ways. Assuming you are gas firing or electric firing the main thing you really want to know is temperature. if you are willing to know how to fire kiln without a kiln then read this post.

Low fire

If you are low firing, it is typically cone 04. You can fire sequential, however the normal temperature for low fire clay is around 1800 degrees. Assuming that your clay is low fire and you fire at a higher temperature your pottery will dissolve on the oven rack, which is the reason it’s so critical to understand what cone size you are working with.


Mid-fire is around 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. Firing at cone 5 or 6. While picking your clay and coating ensure it says mid or high fire. Additionally, ensure it says cone 5-6, not 05 or 06. It’s critical to know about the zero preceding the number.

High Fire

High fire, generally, is cone 10. Your oven will be around 2380 degrees.

The clay must be cone 10, or your piece will dissolve in your furnace. You can fire cone 10 to a lower temperature yet the clay won’t vitrify (clay particles intertwine) and may not be waterproof.

You likewise need a cone 10 coating. If your coating doesn’t say it can fire to cone 10, don’t utilize it. The coating will simply keep on dissolving all around your oven rack.

Presently it is the ideal time to set your oven to the legitimate temperature, put a 5 or 10-minute hang on it when it arrives at top temperature or none by any means, and fire it up. You will see the aftereffects of your work in around 24 hours, contingent on the size of your furnace, the pace of intensity each hour, and the cool-down time. Presently it is the right time to empty your oven and observe the magnificence of your creation.

stages of clay


See it, drink from it, or eat out of it. All subsequent to working with your clay from stage One the entire way to arrange Seven, it’s magnificent to have the option to respect and utilize your creation with its imperfections and excellencies.

Additionally giving it or offering it to somebody for them to appreciate. Something stands out about making ceramics. While you don’t get moment delight while making a piece of ceramics, each stage is novel no matter what anyone else might think. Which makes the long cycle tomfoolery and, surprisingly, really fulfilling.

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